Breadcrumbs

Measles: 7 common symptoms, and 1 pretty sure way to avoid it


Aileen M. Marty, M.D.

Director, FIU Health Travel Medicine Program and Vaccine Clinic

Measles

Measles is nothing to “sneeze at”—it can be deadly! 

The measles virus is spread through the air by breathing, coughing or sneezing, and it is probably the most highly contagious infectious disease in humans. In fact, it’s possible for someone who is contagious to sneeze or cough inside a room, leave, and two hours later for someone else to enter that room and become infected. 

The World Health Organization’s latest figures (for 2013) report 145,000 deaths worldwide. That’s about 400 deaths every day, or 16 deaths per hour. Here in the United States we thought we had measles licked when it was officially eradicated back in 2000, but it’s making a comeback. 

Last year 644 cases, the first month of this year, 100 cases and growing by the day. 

Contacts of measles cases being followed in Florida

The Florida Department of Health says it is monitoring individuals who may have been in contact with four people with measles who visited our state in the past two weeks. Two of those visitors were international tourists. The worst of this year’s outbreak started in California’s Disneyland most likely, according to the Centers for Disease Control, carried by either a foreign tourist or an American who brought the virus from the Philippines. 

7 common symptoms

1.Fever

2.Cough

3.Runny nose

4.Red, watery eyes (conjunctivitis)

5.Feeling run down, achy (malaise)

6.Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers found inside the mouth (Koplik's spots)

7.Blotchy rash 

The measles’ telltale rash is usually the last of the symptoms to appear, but you can be contagious from 3-4 days before the rash becomes visible and up to 4-6 days after the rash appears. The rash usually lasts about a week.

 Measles Stop

1 pretty sure way to avoid measles

  • ·Get vaccinated!

The measles vaccine is safe and effective. It is usually given as a combination measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine. 

*Always discuss vaccinations with your doctor. 

Common measles complications 

  • Ear infections
  • Diarrhea
  • Croup
  • Pneumonia  

Rare and sometimes deadly complications

  • Myocarditis-inflammation of the heart
  • Encephalitis-inflammation of the brain
  • Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis- the measles virus remains in the body, and years after the patients seems to have fully recovered from measles can cause bizarre behavior, dementia, seizures, coma, and death. 

Why risk it? Take the shot.